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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Aug 30;8:150. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_101_19. eCollection 2019.

Validating Self-Reflection and Insight Scale to Measure readiness for Self-Regulated Learning.

Author information

Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Medical Education Development Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.
Department of Internal Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Health Professions Education Research Center, Tehran University of Medical, Tehran, Iran.
Digestive Disease Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Education Development Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



Professional behavior of physicians is under scrutiny by medical associations, media, and patients; therefore, medical students are expected to be self-directed learners rather than the passive ones. One of the useful strategies for professional development and life-long learning of students is self-regulated learning. Self-regulation concept and lifelong learning commitment are in the heart of medical practice. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the validity of Self-Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS) to inspect the medical students' readiness for self-regulation.


SRIS was translated according to the Sousa and Rojjanasrirat guideline. To examine the reliability and validity evidence of the scale, 136 medical students from Tehran University of Medical Sciences completed the questionnaire. Internal consistency and intraclass correlation were used to examine the reliability evidence, as well as qualitative content validity, and confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were used to examine the construct validity of the scale.


The content validity of the scale was verified. Cronbach's alpha and the Interclass Correlation Coefficient value for the four-factor model was 0.87 and 0.79, respectively. Goodness-of-fit indices displayed acceptable and poor values (P = 0.0001, χ2 = 373.51, df = 167, Root Mean Square Error Of Approximation = 0.096, standardized root mean square residual = 0.12). EFA was conducted; a well-structured model was achieved through the EFA. The new four-factor model was extracted as the best model by performing EFA.


SRIS Persian version is saturated with four factors and has desirable content validity and constructs reliability.


Medical students; self-reflection and insight; self-regulation

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