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Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther. 2019 Aug 29;8(3):101-105. doi: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_58_18. eCollection 2019 Jul-Sep.

Ovarian Cystectomy: Stitching or Cauterizing - A Comparison Study of Anti-Mullerian Hormone Level Pre- and Postoperatively.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Medicine Division, Faculty of Medicine Hasanuddin University/Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar, Indonesia.
The International Society for Gynaecologic Endoscopy Board Member 2017-2021.



This study aimed to analyze the influence of laparoscopic management in an ovarian cyst as measured by serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels, by comparing cautery and suturing techniques.

Subjects and Methods:

This prospective cohort study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Hasanuddin University/Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, and several private hospitals in Makassar, Indonesia, from January 1, 2016, to January 31, 2018. A total sample of 90 subjects diagnosed with ovarian cysts underwent cystectomy by laparoscopy. Serum AMH level was examined in all participants both preoperatively and 1-month postoperatively. Participants were divided into two groups based on cautery and suturing techniques used in the surgery. Serum AMH levels obtained were statistically analyzed and compared between cautery and suturing groups. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.


The research result indicated a significant decrease of AMH level in each sample groups using cautery and suturing techniques; however, it was not significantly different if both methods were statistically compared (mean AMH: 1.13 ± 0.34 and 1.02 ± 0.15, with P > 0.05). Both the groups showed a greater decrease with a significant result in endometriotic cyst type and when adhesion was present during laparoscopy (P < 0.05). Other parameters such as unilateral/bilateral cyst and variety of cyst size were not showing significant differences (P > 0.05).


This study showed that serum AMH levels clearly decreased after operative laparoscopy for different types of ovarian cysts in female patients; however, there is no significant difference regardless of surgical procedures.


Anti-Mullerian hormone; electrocautery; laparoscopic cystectomy; ovarian reserve; suturing

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