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J Glob Infect Dis. 2019 Jul-Sep;11(3):93-101. doi: 10.4103/jgid.jgid_128_18.

Analyzing the Effect of Organizational Factors on Reducing the Disease Transmission Risk in Nurses using an AIDS Risk Reduction Model.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Nani Hasanuddin Health Sciences Institute, Makassar, Indonesia.
2
Department of Occupational Health and Safety, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Abstract

Aims:

Nurses are one of the health workers who face a high risk of contracting a disease at their workplace. The officers who are inconsistent in maintaining standard precautions when treating patients render nurses to be exposed to infectious disease.

Settings and Design:

This was an analytic observational study with a longitudinal design.

Materials and Methods:

This study was carried out in two Provincial B Type Government Hospitals, namely, Labuang Baji Provincial Regional Hospital and Makassar Haji Regional General Hospital, in Makassar City, with a sample size of 104 respondents. The data were subjected to ANOVA test to determine the effect of organizational factors on reducing the risk of AIDS risk reduction model-based disease transmission.

Results:

The results of this study indicate that the organizational factors do not affect the labeling of nurses related to the reduction of the risk of disease transmission (b = 0.086, ρ = 0.379). The organizational factors influence nurses commitment related to the reduction of the risk of disease transmission (b = 0.328, ρ = <0.001) and also their enactment related to the reduction of the risk of disease transmission (b = 0.199, ρ = 0.030).

Conclusions:

The organizational factors related to the reduction of the risk of disease transmission affect the action of nurses to reduce the risk (enactment) through the commitment. These organizational factors also affect the labeling of nurses as individuals who are at a risk of contracting a disease so as to facilitate the adoption of a behavior to reduce the risk of disease transmission in hospital.

KEYWORDS:

Disease transmission; organization; risk reduction behavior

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