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J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2019 Jul-Sep;35(3):340-347. doi: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_397_17.

A comparison between ProSeal laryngeal mask airway and Air-Q Blocker in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesia and ICU, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Abstract

Background and Aims:

ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) is an established device for airway management, while Air-Q Blocker (AQB) is a relatively new supraglottic device. The aim of this study is to compare AQB against PLMA in adults undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia.

Material and Methods:

Eighty-eight adult patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups. A drain tube (gastric tube for PLMA and blocker tube for AQB) was inserted through the drain channel of the respective device. PLMA was inserted in Group P (n = 44) and AQB was inserted in Group A (n = 44) to secure the airway. The primary endpoint was airway seal pressure. Secondarily, we sought to compare overall insertion success, ease of insertion, hemodynamic effects after initial placement, ease of drain tube placement, and perioperative oropharyngolaryngeal morbidity between the devices.

Results:

Oropharyngeal seal pressures for AQB and PLMA were 31.5 ± 2.41 and 29.41 ± 2.14 cm H2O, respectively (P = 0.01). Insertion time was longer with AQB than PLMA, 25.59 ± 5.71 and 18.66 ± 3.15 seconds, respectively (P = 0.001). Ease and success rate of insertion was better with PLMA compared to AQB. Failure of device insertion was seen in 2 cases of Group A. Gastric distension was seen in 4 patients in Group A, requiring replacement with endotracheal tube in two patients. Ventilation was successful in all 44 patients with PLMA. Both the devices were comparable in providing a patent airway and adequate oxygenation during controlled ventilation. There was an increased trend of airway trauma and complications in the AQB group.

Conclusion:

Both PLMA and AQB show similar efficacy in maintaining ventilation and oxygenation, during laparoscopic surgery. However, proper positioning and functioning of the blocker tube of AQB is a limiting factor, and needs further evaluation.

KEYWORDS:

Air-Q Blocker; ProSeal laryngeal mask airway; laparoscopic cholecystectomy; oropharyngeal seal pressure

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