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Pract Radiat Oncol. 2019 Sep 18. pii: S1879-8500(19)30271-1. doi: 10.1016/j.prro.2019.09.007. [Epub ahead of print]

Long-Term Outcomes with 3-Dimensional Conformal External Beam Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation.

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Department of Radiation Oncology, St Louis, Missouri. Electronic address:
Department of Radiation Oncology, St Louis, Missouri.
Division of Oncology, St Louis, Missouri.
Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri.



Long-term tumor control and cosmetic outcomes for accelerated partial breast radiation (APBI) delivered with 3-dimensional conformal external beam radiation (3D-CRT) remain limited. We seek to address these concerns by reporting our experience of 3D-CRT APBI with extended follow-up.


All patients treated with APBI delivered with 3D-CRT from January 2006 through December 2012 at a single institution were identified. Those with more than a year of follow-up were analyzed for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR), progression-free survival (PFS), cosmesis, and pain. Disease outcomes were analyzed by margin status (<2 mm, ≥2 mm), total radiation dose prescribed, presence of invasive disease, and American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 2016 updated consensus groupings (suitable, cautionary, and unsuitable).


Two hundred ninety-three patients were identified, of whom 266 had >1 year of follow-up. Median follow-up was 87 months (range, 13-156). Of the 266, 162 (60.9%) were ASTRO "suitable," 87 (32.7%) were "cautionary," and 17 (6.4%) were "unsuitable." Seven-year rates of IBTR and PFS were 1.8% and 95.2%, respectively. Margin status, invasive versus in situ disease, prescribed dose, and ASTRO grouping were not prognostic for either IBTR or PFS on univariate analysis. Cosmesis was good to excellent in 75.2%. Two patients (0.8%) had subsequent plastic surgery owing to poor cosmesis. Narcotic medication for treatment site pain was needed by 6 (2.3%).


External beam APBI results in excellent long-term disease control. Good to excellent cosmetic outcomes are achieved in most patients, although increasing dose per fraction and greater percentage of irradiated breast were predictive of adverse posttreatment cosmetic outcomes. Select patients in "cautionary" and "unsuitable" consensus groupings do not appear to have inferior outcomes.


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