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J Mater Chem B. 2019 Dec 21;7(47):7439-7459. doi: 10.1039/c9tb01539f. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Biomechanical studies on biomaterial degradation and co-cultured cells: mechanisms, potential applications, challenges and prospects.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China. x.m.li@hotmail.com yubofan@buaa.edu.cn and Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China.
2
Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China. x.m.li@hotmail.com yubofan@buaa.edu.cn.
3
Centre for Medical Engineering Research, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Dublin City University, Stokes Building, Collins Avenue, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Abstract

Biomechanics contains a wide variety of research fields related to biology and mechanics. Actually, to better study or develop a tissue-engineered system, it is now widely recognized that there is no complete nor meaningful study without considering biomechanical factors and the cell response or adaptation to biomechanics. In that respect, this review will focus on not only the influence of biomechanics in biomaterial degradation and co-cultured cells, based on current major frontier research findings, but also the challenges and prospects in biomechanical research. Particularly, through the elaboration of certain typical forces affecting biomaterial degradation and celluar functions, this paper tries to reveal the possible mechanisms, and thus provide ideas on how to design or optimize co-culture systems and apply external forces for proper cell and tissue engineering. Furthermore, while emphasizing the importance of the mechanical control of the cell phenotype and fate, it is expected that these achievements can pave the way to materials-based therapies for different pathological conditions, including diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

PMID:
31539007
DOI:
10.1039/c9tb01539f

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