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Am J Public Health. 2019 Nov;109(11):1568-1575. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305289. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Uneven Access to Smoke-Free Laws and Policies and Its Effect on Health Equity in the United States: 2000-2019.

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Amy Y. Hafez and Stanton A. Glantz are with the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco. Mariaelena Gonzalez is with the School of Social Sciences, Humanities & Arts, University of California, Merced. Margarete C. Kulik is with the Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock. Maya Vijayaraghavan is with the Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco.


Tobacco control measures have played an important role in the reduction of the cigarette smoking prevalence among US adults.However, although overall smoking prevalence has declined, it remains high among many subpopulations that are disproportionately burdened by tobacco use, resulting in tobacco-related health disparities. Slow diffusion of smoke-free laws to rural regions, particularly in the South and Southeast, and uneven adoption of voluntary policies in single-family homes and multiunit housing are key policy variables associated with the disproportionate burden of tobacco-related health disparities in these subpopulations.Developing policies that expand the reach of comprehensive smoke-free laws not only will facilitate the decline in smoking prevalence among subpopulations disproportionately burdened by tobacco use but will also decrease exposure to secondhand smoke and further reduce tobacco-caused health disparities in the United States.

[Available on 2020-11-01]

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