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Inorg Chem. 2019 Oct 7;58(19):12933-12942. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b01891. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Directed Structural Transformations of Coordination Polymers Supported Single-Site Cu(II) Catalysts To Control the Site Selectivity of C-H Halogenation.

Author information

1
Center for Advanced Materials Research , Zhongyuan University of Technology , Zhengzhou 450007 , P. R. China.
2
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering , Zhengzhou University , Zhengzhou 450001 , P. R. China.

Abstract

A main difficulty in C-H bond functionalization is to undertake the catalyst control accurately where the reaction takes place. In this work, to achieve highly effective and regioselective single-site catalysts, a three-dimensional (3D) rhombus-like framework of {[Mn(Hidbt)DMF]·H2O}n (1) [H3idbt = 5,5'-(1H-imidazole-4,5-diyl)-bis(2H-tetrazole)] containing coordinated DMF molecules was constructed. For the dissolution-recrystallization structural transformation process, attractive structural transformations proceeded from 1 to a new crystalline species formulated as {[Mn3(idbt)2(H2O)2]·3H2O}n (2) with a 3D windowlike architecture, and then the Mn ions in 2 could be exchanged with Cu ions through cation exchange in a single-crystal to single-crystal fashion to produce the Cu-exchanged product {[Mn2Cu(idbt)2(H2O)2]·3H2O}n (2a), which had a windowlike framework like that of 2. Furthermore, 2 and 2a were used as heterogeneous catalysts for the regioselective C-H halogenation of phenols with N-halosuccinimides (NCS and NBS) to produce the site selective single monohalogenated products. It was found that the catalytic activity and site selectivity of 2a were much higher than those of 2, because the unique structural features of 2a with the uniformly dispersed CuII active centers served as a single-site catalyst with a site-isolated and well-defined platform to promote the C-H halogenation reaction in regiocontrol and guide an orientation that favored the para selectivity during the reaction process.

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