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J Clin Microbiol. 2019 Sep 18. pii: JCM.01344-19. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01344-19. [Epub ahead of print]

Effect of Clinically Meaningful Antibiotic Concentrations on the Recovery of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from Anaerobic Blood Culture Bottles with and Without Antibiotic Binding Resins.

Author information

1
Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT, USA.
2
Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT, USA joseph.kuti@hhchealth.org.

Abstract

Blood cultures are routinely collected in pairs of aerobic and anaerobic bottles. Artificial sterilization of Gram-negatives in aerobic bottles containing clinically meaningful antibiotic concentrations has previously been observed. This study assessed recovery from anaerobic bottles with and without antibiotic binding resins. We studied the recovery of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae when exposed to meropenem, imipenem, cefepime, cefazolin, levofloxacin, and piperacillin-tazobactam in resin-containing BACT/ALERT FN PLUS and BD BACTEC Plus Anaerobic/F bottles as well as resin-free BACT/ALERT SN and BD BACTEC Standard anaerobic bottles. Bottles were inoculated with bacteria and whole blood containing peak, midpoint, or trough concentrations and incubated for up to 120 hours in their respective detection systems. In E. coli resin-containing bottles, recovery was observed in 10/24 (42%), 17/24 (71%), and 18/24 (75%) (p=0.034) of those exposed to peak, midpoint, and trough concentrations, respectively. In K. pneumoniae resin-containing bottles, recovery was observed in 8/16 (50%), 10/16 (63%), and 10/16 (63%) (p=0.710), respectively. No growth was detected in bottles containing cefepime regardless of concentration, while recovery was observed in the presence of all concentrations of cefazolin and piperacillin-tazobactam. Recovery in bottles with meropenem and imipenem was more frequently observed in BACT/ALERT FN PLUS bottles compared with BACTEC Plus bottles. Resin-free bottles demonstrated significantly lower recovery than bottles containing binding resin. Clinical concentrations of certain antibiotics can adversely affect detection of E. coli and K. pneumoniae in anaerobic blood culture bottles. Obtaining blood cultures immediately before a dose and utilizing resin-containing anaerobic bottles will maximize the likelihood of recovery.

PMID:
31533981
DOI:
10.1128/JCM.01344-19

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