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J Ovarian Res. 2019 Sep 18;12(1):88. doi: 10.1186/s13048-019-0563-8.

Preoperative albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio predicts chemotherapy resistance and prognosis in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecology, HwaMei Hospital, University Of Chinese Academy Of Sciences, NO 41, Xibei Street, Ningbo City, 315000, Zhejiang Province, China.
2
Department of Gynecology, HwaMei Hospital, University Of Chinese Academy Of Sciences, NO 41, Xibei Street, Ningbo City, 315000, Zhejiang Province, China. jiangyafennb@sina.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the majority ovarian cancer (OC) type with a poor prognosis. This present study aimed to investigate potential prognostic factors including albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio (AFR) for advanced EOC patients with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by debulking surgery.

METHODS:

A total of 313 advanced EOC patients with NAC followed by debulking surgery from 2010 to 2017 were enrolled. The predictive value of AFR for the overall survival (OS) was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were applied to investigate prognostic factors for advanced EOC patients. The association between preoperative AFR and progression free survival (PFS) or OS was determined via the Kaplan-Meier method using log-rank test.

RESULTS:

The ROC curve analysis showed that the cutoff value of preoperative AFR in predicting OS was determined to be 7.78 with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.773 (P < 0.001). Chemotherapy resistance, preoperative CA125 and AFR were independent risk factors for PFS in advanced EOC patients. Furthermore, chemotherapy resistance, residual tumor and AFR were significant risk factors for OS by multivariate Cox analysis. A low preoperative AFR (≤7.78) was significantly associated with a worse PFS and OS via the Kaplan-Meier method by log-rank test (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

A low preoperative AFR was an independent risk factor for PFS and OS in advanced EOC patients with NAC followed by debulking surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio; Epithelial ovarian cancer; Prognosis, chemotherapy resistance

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