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FASEB J. 2019 Sep 18:fj201900069R. doi: 10.1096/fj.201900069R. [Epub ahead of print]

mTORC1 as a cell-intrinsic rheostat that shapes development, preimmune repertoire, and function of B lymphocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
2
Department of Biomedical Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, South Korea.
3
Vanderbilt Institute for Infection, Immunology, and Inflammation (VI4), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
4
Departments of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
5
Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

Ample evidence indicates that nutrient concentrations in extracellular milieux affect signaling mediated by environmental sensor proteins. For instance, the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is reduced during protein malnutrition and is known to be modulated by concentrations of several amino acids when in a multiprotein signaling complex that contains regulatory-associated protein of mTOR. We hypothesized that a partial decrease in mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) activity intrinsic to B-lineage cells would perturb lymphocyte development or function, or both. We show that a cell-intrinsic decrease in mTORC1 activity impacted developmental progression, antigen receptor repertoire, and function along the B lineage. Thus, preimmune repertoires of B-lineage cells were altered in the marrow and periphery in a genetic model of regulatory-associated protein of mTOR haplo-insufficiency. An additional role for mTORC1 was revealed when a B-cell antigen receptor transgene was found to circumvent the abnormal B-cell development: haplo-insufficient B cells were profoundly impaired in responses to antigen in vivo. Collectively, our findings indicate that mTORC1 serves as a rheostat that shapes differentiation along the B lineage, the preimmune repertoire, and antigen-driven selection of mature B cells. The findings also reveal a range in the impact of this nutrient sensor on activity-response relationships for distinct endpoints.-Raybuck, A. L., Lee, K., Cho, S. H., Li, J., Thomas, J. W., Boothby, M. R. mTORC1 as a cell-intrinsic rheostat that shapes development, preimmune repertoire, and function of B lymphocytes.

KEYWORDS:

immunity; protein malnutrition; signaling

PMID:
31533002
DOI:
10.1096/fj.201900069R

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