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Health Expect. 2019 Sep 18. doi: 10.1111/hex.12973. [Epub ahead of print]

Recommendations to improve patient-centred care for ductal carcinoma in situ: Qualitative focus groups with women.

Author information

1
Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada.
3
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
4
Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
5
University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
6
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
7
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patient-centred care (PCC) improves health-care experiences and outcomes. Women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and clinicians have reported communication difficulties. Little prior research has studied how to improve communication and PCC for DCIS.

OBJECTIVE:

This study explored how to achieve PCC for DCIS.

DESIGN:

Canadian women treated for DCIS from five provinces participated in semi-structured focus groups based on a 6-domain cancer-specific PCC framework to discuss communication about DCIS. Data were analysed using constant comparative technique.

SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-five women aged 30 to 86 participated in five focus groups at five hospitals.

RESULTS:

Women said their clinicians used multiple approaches for fostering a healing relationship; however, most described an absence of desired information or behaviour to exchange information, respond to emotions, manage uncertainty, make decisions and enable self-management. Most women were confused by terminology, offered little information about the risks of progression/recurrence, uninformed about treatment benefits and risks, frustrated with lack of engagement in decision making, given little information about follow-up plans or self-care advice, and received no acknowledgement or offer of emotional support.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

By comparing the accounts of women with DCIS to a PCC framework, we identified limitations and inconsistencies in women's lived experience of communication about DCIS, and approaches by which clinicians can more consistently achieve PCC for DCIS. Future research should develop and evaluate informational tools to support PCC for DCIS.

KEYWORDS:

communication; decision making; ductal carcinoma in situ; patient-centred care

PMID:
31532871
DOI:
10.1111/hex.12973

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