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Int J Prev Med. 2019 Jul 19;10:126. doi: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_311_17. eCollection 2019.

Association between General Health and Mobile Phone Dependency among Medical University Students: A Cross-sectional Study in Iran.

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Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Health Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran.
Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad Univesity, Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran.
Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.



Mobile phone dependency is an emerging public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between general health and mobile phone dependency in college students.


In this cross-sectional study, 334 students from Arak University of Medical Sciences of Iran were selected by stratified random sampling. Data were collected by (1) demographic checklist, (2) 27-item Mobile Phone Problem Usage Scale, and (3) General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28).


Mean scores of mobile phone dependency and GHQ-28 were 119.83 ± 43.53 and 23.73 ± 12.77, respectively. In multiple linear regression, age, family economic status, anxiety and sleep disorder, and social dysfunction were the main significant predictors of mobile phone dependency (R = 0.469, R 2 = 0.220, adjusted R 2 = 0.203).


Based on the finding of this study, prevention strategies for management of mobile phone use in students can be adopted.


Cell phones; dependency; health; students; universities

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