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J Neurosci. 2019 Oct 30;39(44):8617-8631. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0506-19.2019. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

RIMB-1/RIM-Binding Protein and UNC-10/RIM Redundantly Regulate Presynaptic Localization of the Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan, and.
2
Neurobiology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093.
3
Laboratory of Neuroscience, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan, and taru@pharm.hokudai.ac.jp.

Abstract

Presynaptic active zones (AZs) contain many molecules essential for neurotransmitter release and are assembled in a highly organized manner. A network of adaptor proteins known as cytomatrix at the AZ (CAZ) is important for shaping the structural characteristics of AZ. Rab3-interacting molecule (RIM)-binding protein (RBP) family are binding partners of the CAZ protein RIM and also bind the voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) in mice and flies. Here, we investigated the physiological roles of RIMB-1, the homolog of RBPs in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans RIMB-1 is expressed broadly in neurons and predominantly localized at presynaptic sites. Loss-of-function animals of rimb-1 displayed slight defects in motility and response to pharmacological inhibition of synaptic transmission, suggesting a modest involvement of rimb-1 in synapse function. We analyzed genetic interactions of rimb-1 by testing candidate genes and by an unbiased forward genetic screen for rimb-1 enhancer. Both analyses identified the RIM homolog UNC-10 that acts together with RIMB-1 to regulate presynaptic localization of the P/Q-type VGCC UNC-2/Cav2. We also find that the precise localization of RIMB-1 to presynaptic sites requires presynaptic UNC-2/Cav2. RIMB-1 has multiple FN3 and SH3 domains. Our transgenic rescue analysis with RIMB-1 deletion constructs revealed a functional requirement of a C-terminal SH3 in regulating UNC-2/Cav2 localization. Together, these findings suggest a redundant role of RIMB-1/RBP and UNC-10/RIM to regulate the abundance of UNC-2/Cav2 at the presynaptic AZ in C. elegans, depending on the bidirectional interplay between CAZ adaptor and channel proteins.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Presynaptic active zones (AZs) are highly organized structures for synaptic transmission with characteristic networks of adaptor proteins called cytomatrix at the AZ (CAZ). In this study, we characterized a CAZ protein RIMB-1, named for RIM-binding protein (RBP), in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans Through systematic analyses of genetic interactions and an unbiased genetic enhancer screen of rimb-1, we revealed a redundant role of two CAZ proteins RIMB-1/RBP and UNC-10/RIM in regulating presynaptic localization of UNC-2/Cav2, a voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) critical for proper neurotransmitter release. Additionally, the precise localization of RIMB-1/RBP requires presynaptic UNC-2/Cav2. These findings provide new mechanistic insight about how the interplay among multiple CAZ adaptor proteins and VGCC contributes to the organization of presynaptic AZ.

KEYWORDS:

C. elegans; active zone; adaptor protein; genetic interaction; presynapse; voltage-gated calcium channel

PMID:
31530643
PMCID:
PMC6820209
[Available on 2020-04-30]
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0506-19.2019

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