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Biol Res Nurs. 2019 Sep 17:1099800419875521. doi: 10.1177/1099800419875521. [Epub ahead of print]

Immediate Prone Positioning After Massive Gastric Aspiration Reduces Lung Injury Possibly by Attenuating Interlukin-6-Mediated Lung-Tissue Inflammation in Pigs.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Abstract

Gastric aspiration, which can cause acute, diffuse, inflammatory lung injury, is of particular concern in critically ill patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of immediate prone positioning on the degree of lung injury and inflammatory response induced by gastric aspiration. Following induction of gastric aspiration by injection of gastric fluid, 16 healthy pigs were randomized to one of two groups: supine position (SP) or prone position (PP). After ventilation and monitoring for 6 hr, all pigs were euthanized. The ratio of the partial pressure of arterial oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FIO2) and the partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were recorded during the 6-hr study period. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 were measured every 2 hr, and the mean optical density (MOD) of IL-6 in lung tissues and lung-injury scores were measured at the end of the experiment. The PP group showed a significantly higher PaO2/FIO2 ratio, lower serum IL-6 concentration (p = .015), lower lung-injury scores (p = .012), and lower IL-6 concentration and MOD of IL-6 in lung tissue, especially in dorsal (p = .001, p = .021, respectively) and nondependent regions (p = .005, p = .035, respectively) than the SP group. There were no statistically significant differences in PaCO2 between the groups. Lung-injury severity was positively correlated with the IL-6 concentration and MOD of IL-6 in lung tissues (p < .05). These results suggest that immediate prone positioning alleviated the degree of aspiration-induced lung injury, possibly through mitigating IL-6-mediated lung inflammation.

KEYWORDS:

gastric aspiration; interleukin-6; lung injury; prone position

PMID:
31529988
DOI:
10.1177/1099800419875521

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