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J Res Med Sci. 2019 Aug 28;24:70. doi: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_1021_18. eCollection 2019.

Comparison of selected body composition parameters in women using DXA and anthropometric method.

Author information

1
Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiotherapy, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.
2
Centre for Innovative Research in Medical and Natural Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.

Abstract

Background:

An excessive accumulation of the adipose tissue in women's organism is a frequent and important medical problem which should be monitored. The aim of this study was to explore correlations between the selected parameters of body composition assessed using DXA and anthropometric methods.

Materials and Methods:

The study group consisted of 50 women aged 51-85. Both adipose mass and fat-free mass were assessed with the DXA method, and the nutritional status of the participants was evaluated with the anthropometric methods.

Results:

The mean body mass index (BMI) value assessed with the DXA method amounted to 28.4 (±5.12). The Spearman's Rho correlation indicated the presence of a moderate association (0.27-0.50) between: (1) right arm lean and the circumference of the arm (P = 0.020), forearm (P = 0.011), and transverse cross-section of the arm (P = 0.020), (2) right leg fat and circumference of the thigh (P = 0.003), shin (P = 0.009), and also the musculature index of the lower extremity (P = 0.034), (3) visceral adipose tissue (VAT) mass and BMI (P = 0.050), Waist to HeightRatio (WtHR) (P = 0.031), (4) Android fat and WHtR (P = 0.044), and (5) gynoid fat and Škerlj index (P = 0.025).

Conclusion:

The selected parameters assessed with DXA were significantly correlated with the selected parameters assessed with anthropometric methods. WHtR anthropometric parameter is significantly correlated with DXA parameters: VAT mass, gynoid region % fat and android region % fat.

KEYWORDS:

Anthropometry; body composition; dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; women

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