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Biomaterials. 2019 Dec;223:119475. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2019.119475. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Functional extracellular vesicles engineered with lipid-grafted hyaluronic acid effectively reverse cancer drug resistance.

Author information

1
Research Center for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.
2
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. Electronic address: wgb@hust.edu.cn.
3
Research Center for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. Electronic address: lin_wang@hust.edu.cn.
4
Research Center for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China; Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China. Electronic address: zhengwang@hust.edu.cn.

Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a key issue accounting for ineffectiveness of cancer chemotherapy. Numerous multifunctional nanocarriers have been developed to increase drug delivery efficacy and inhibit drug efflux for overcoming cancer drug resistance. However, limited success has been achieved in clinic because of nanocarriers' complicated multi-step fabrication procedures and their undesired side toxicity as well as potential immunogenicity. Here, hyaluronic acid (HA) functionalized extracellular vesicles (EVs) are generated as natural vehicles to efficiently deliver doxorubicin (DOX) and reverse MDR. The EVs isolated from noncancerous HEK293T cells (hEVs) reduce P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression in drug resistant MCF7/ADR cells. To acquire tumor-targeting capability, hEVs are modified with lipidomimetic chains-grafted HA (lipHA) by a simple incubation. Owing to CD44-mediated cancer-specific targeting and P-gp suppressive capability, the HA-functionalized hEVs (lipHA-hEVs) remarkably promote the intracellular DOX accumulation in drug resistant breast cancer cells. In preclinical MDR tumor models, lipHA-hEVs deeply penetrate into tumor tissue and effectively transport DOX into tumor local, while eliminating DOX's systemic toxicity. Importantly, DOX@lipHA-hEVs inhibited MDR tumor growth by 89% and extend animal survival time by approximately 50%. Thus, our engineered tumor-targeting hEVs are promising natural carriers for overcoming cancer MDR.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer drug resistance; Chemotherapy; Extracellular vesicles; Hyaluronic acid; P-glycoprotein

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