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Liver Transpl. 2019 Nov;25(11):1673-1681. doi: 10.1002/lt.25637. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Delayed Sleeve Gastrectomy Following Liver Transplantation: A 5-Year Experience.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Section of Transplantation, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.
2
Cincinnati Collaborative for Obesity Research, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.

Abstract

Obesity has become an epidemic in the United States over the past decade, and recent studies have shown this trend in the liver transplantation (LT) population. These patients may be candidates for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) to promote significant and sustained weight loss to prevent recurrence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. However, safety remains a concern, and efficacy in this setting is uncertain. A single-institution database from 2014 to 2018 was queried for patients undergoing LSG following LT. The selection criteria for surgery were consistent with National Institutes of Health guidelines, and patients were at least 6 months after LT. A total of 15 patients (median age, 59.0 years; Caucasian, 86.7%; and female, 60%) underwent LSG following LT. Median time from LT to LSG was 2.2 years with a median follow-up period of 2.6 years. The median hospital length of stay (LOS) was 2 days after LSG. Mortality and rate of liver allograft rejection was 0, and there was 1 postoperative complication (a surgical site infection). Following LSG, body mass index (BMI) decreased from 42.7 to 35.9 kg/m2 (P < 0.01), and in 12 patients with at least 1 year of follow-up, the total body weight loss was 20.6%. Following LSG in patients with diabetes, the median daily insulin requirements decreased from 98 (49-118) to 0 (0-29) units/day (P = 0.02), and 60% discontinued insulin. Post-LT patients had a similar decrease in BMI and reduction in comorbidities at 1 year compared with a matched non-LT patient cohort. In the largest patient series to date, we show that LSG following LT is safe, effective, and does not increase the incidence of liver allograft rejection. Larger longer-term studies are needed to confirm underlying metabolic changes following LSG.

PMID:
31518478
DOI:
10.1002/lt.25637

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