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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019 Sep 13. doi: 10.1002/anie.201910717. [Epub ahead of print]

Molecular Pivot-Hinge Installation to Evolve Topology in Rare-Earth Metal-Organic Frameworks.

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Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.
College of Science, School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao, Shandong, 266580, China.
Xi'an Institute of Flexible Electronics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, 710072, China.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 77843-3003, USA.


Linker desymmetrization has been witnessed as a powerful design strategy for the discovery of highly connected metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with unprecedented topologies. Herein, we introduce molecular pivot-hinge installation as a linker desymmetrization strategy to evolve the topology of highly connected rare-earth (RE) MOFs, where a pivot group is placed in the center of a linker similar to a hinge. By tuning the composition of pivot groups and steric hindrances of the substituents on various linker rotamers, MOFs with various topologies can be obtained. The combination of L-SO2 with C2v symmetry and 12-connected RE9 clusters leads to the formation of a fascinating (4,12)-c dfs new topology. Interestingly, when replacing L-SO2 with a tetrahedra linker L-O, the stacking behaviors of RE-organic layers switch from an eclipsed mode to a staggered stacking mode, leading to the discovery of an intriguing hjz topology. Additionally, the combination of the RE cluster and a linker [(L-(CH3 )6 )] with more bulky groups gives rise to a flu topology with a new 8-c inorganic cluster. The diversity of these RE-MOFs was further enhanced through post-synthetic installation of linkers with various functional groups. Functionalization of each linker with acidic and basic units in the mesoporous RE-based PCN-905-SO2 allows for efficient cascade catalytic transformation within the functionalized channels.


heterogeneous catalysis; linker desymmetrization; metal-organic frameworks; structural evolution; topology


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