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Acad Med. 2019 Sep 10. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000002984. [Epub ahead of print]

Independent and Interwoven: A Qualitative Exploration of Residents' Experiences with Educational Podcasts.

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J. Riddell is assistant professor of clinical emergency medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; ORCID: L. Robins is professor, Department of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; ORCID: A. Brown is acting assistant professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; ORCID: J. Sherbino is professor, Department of Medicine, and assistant dean, Health Professions Education Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. M. Lin is professor of emergency medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California; ORCID: J.S. Ilgen is associate professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington; ORCID:



Educational podcasts are an increasingly popular platform for teaching and learning in health professions education. Yet it remains unclear why residents are drawn to podcasts for educational purposes, how they integrate podcasts into their broader learning experiences, and what challenges they face when using podcasts to learn.


The authors used a constructivist grounded theory approach to explore residents' motivations and listening behaviors. They conducted 16 semi-structured interviews with residents from 2 US and 1 Canadian institution from March 2016 to August 2017. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. The transcripts were analyzed using constant comparison and themes were identified iteratively, working toward an explanatory framework that illuminated relationships among themes.


Participants described podcasts as easy to use and engaging, enabling both broad exposure to content and targeted learning. They reported often listening to podcasts while doing other activities, being motivated by an ever-present desire to use their time productively; this practice led to challenges retaining and applying the content they learned from the podcasts to their clinical work. Listening to podcasts also fostered participants' sense of connection to their peers, supervisors, and the larger professional community, yet it created tensions in their local relationships.


Despite the challenges of distracted, contextually-constrained listening and difficulties translating their learning into clinical practice, residents found podcasts to be an accessible and engaging learning platform that offered them broad exposure to core content and personalized learning, concurrently fostering their sense of connection to local and national professional communities.

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