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World J Nucl Med. 2019 Jul-Sep;18(3):301-303. doi: 10.4103/wjnm.WJNM_43_18.

A rare case of minimally invasive follicular thyroid cancer with intraluminal superior vena cava and right atrium metastases.

Author information

1
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Penang Hospital, Malaysia.

Abstract

Follicular thyroid cancers are known to spread hematogenously to the bones and lungs and rarely presenting with massive angioinvasion. We report a case of a middle-aged female who had undergone total thyroidectomy for minimally invasive follicular thyroid cancer with angioinvasion in 2014. She was noted to have a large tumor thrombus extending from the superior vena cava to the right atrium on whole body scan post-Iodine-131 (131I) remnant ablation therapy. We discuss the various imaging modalities, treatment options, and difficulties in managing such massive angioinvasion in patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancers.

KEYWORDS:

Intracardiac; metastases; radioiodine-131; thyroid cancer

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