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J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2019 May-Aug;23(2):248-256. doi: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_107_19.

"SKILL TO KILL" - Oral cancer and potentially premalignant oral epithelial lesions (PPOELs): A survey approach. Emerging of a new system and professionals.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Background:

Oral cancer is said to be the 6th most common cancer in men and 12th in women. Potentially malignant disorders/potentially premalignant oral epithelial lesion (PMDs/PPOELs) have shown an increased risk of progressing to cancer. In this regard, lack of awareness about identification of oral PMDs among healthcare providers in general and oral pathologists in particular is said to be responsible for the diagnostic delay. Oral cancer is said to be the most common cancer in men and 3rd most common in women in the Indian subcontinent. PMDs have shown an increased risk of progressing to cancer. The various rates of conversion include 14%-51% for erythroplakia, 60%-100% for proliferative verrucous leukoplakia and 7%-26% for oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). In this regard, early detection at PPOEL level will lead to prevention of malignant transformation.

Aims and Objectives:

The purpose of this survey was: 1. To determine if awareness among professionals is essential/key to challenge the progression of PMDs of the oral cavity. 2. To examine and/ordiscern if oral pathologists felt enough was being done to address the issue of early detection and prevention and how the scenario could be improved further.

Materials and Methods:

A survey was designed to assess the interest, zeal, knowledge and skill of healthcare providers in general and oral pathologists in particular in careful examination of the oral cavity and early detection of PMDs. A questionnaire with 18 questions was designed to address these issues/points and distributed among post-graduate students and practicing oral pathologists on online platforms.

Results:

The results of the esurvey were collected, analyzed and the results discussed question wise. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire was assessed and confirmed with Aiken's index for validity and Cronbach's alpha for reliability. Inferential statistical analysis was performed using Chi square test with P = 0.05 being statistically significant.

Conclusion:

On evaluation of the survey, we found that 85% of the surveyees are on agreement that PPOELs should be registered in a standard format and should be included in the list of recognizable diseases. 89.2% and 87.8% of the respondents would like to be part of an active body for early detection and diagnosis and for Cancer screening in our country respectively. In conclusion, the oral pathology fraternity is eager to work for and tackle these PPOELs head on, provided the right opportunities and training are meted out to them.

KEYWORDS:

Oral cancer; oral pathologists; potentially malignant disorders; potentially premalignant oral epithelial lesions; survey

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