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Plant Physiol. 2019 Sep 12. pii: pp.00202.2019. doi: 10.1104/pp.19.00202. [Epub ahead of print]

Earlier Degraded Tapetum1 (EDT1) encodes an ATP-citrate lyase required for tapetum programmed cell death.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory for Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Jiangsu Plant Gene Engineering Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University CITY: Nanjing China [CN].
2
Nanjing Agricultural University CITY: Nanjing China [CN].
3
Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences CITY: Beijing China [CN].
4
State Key Laboratory for Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Jiangsu Plant Gene Engineering Research Center, Nanjing Agricultural University CITY: Nanjing POSTAL_CODE: 210095 China [CN] wanjm@njau.edu.cn.

Abstract

In flowering plants, the tapetum cells in anthers undergo programmed cell death (PCD) at the late meiotic stage, providing nutrients for further development of microspores, including the formation of the pollen wall. However, the molecular basis of tapetum PCD remains elusive. Here, we report a tapetum PCD-related mutant in rice (Oryza sativa), earlier degraded tapetum 1 (edt1), that shows complete pollen abortion associated with earlier-than-programmed tapetum cell death. EDT1 encodes a subunit of ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), and is specifically expressed in the tapetum of anthers. EDT1 localized in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm as observed in rice protoplast transient assays. We demonstrated that the A and B subunits of ACL interacted with each other and might function as a heteromultimer in the cytoplasm. EDT1 catalyzes the critical steps in cytosolic acetyl-CoA synthesis. Our data indicated a decrease in ATP level, energy charge and fatty acid content in mutant edt1 anthers. In addition, the genes encoding secretory proteases or lipid transporters, and the transcription factors known to regulate PCD, were down regulated. Our results demonstrate that the timing of tapetum PCD must be tightly regulated for successful pollen development, and that EDT1 is involved in the tapetum PCD process. This study furthers our understanding of the molecular basis of pollen fertility and fecundity in rice and may also be relevant to other flowering plants.

PMID:
31515447
DOI:
10.1104/pp.19.00202
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