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Talanta. 2020 Jan 1;206:120172. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2019.120172. Epub 2019 Jul 27.

Use of ammonium sulfite as a post-column derivatization reagent for rapid detection and quantification of aldehydes by LC-MS.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, China. Electronic address: yqfeng@whu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Derivatization is frequently used in liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) to improve the ionization characteristics of analytes, and facilitate their structural elucidation and quantification. However, the off-line derivatization process usually requires more analysis time. Therefore, the present work develops a novel LC/post-column derivatization (PCD)/MS (LC-PCD-MS) method for rapid detection of aldehydes in complex samples. The PCD method is based on a bisulfite addition reaction with aldehydes that can be easily conducted by mixing the LC elute with an (NH4)2SO3 solution via a tee. The resulting derivatives readily produce diagnostic HSO3- ions under collision induced dissociation (CID) in the negative ion mode of MS, even at an extremely low CID energy such as 1 eV, which can significantly improve the detection selectivity of aldehydes and reduce the occurrence of false positives. The limits of detection (LODs) of hexanal and heptanal were 3 nM and 2 nM, respectively. Moreover, good linearity in the concentration range of 0.01-1 μM for hexanal and heptanal was obtained with the determination coefficient (R2) being greater than 0.996 and the intra- and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) were lower than 13.5% and 17.9%, respectively, indicating the acceptable reproducibility of the method. The LC-PCD-MS method was successfully applied for the rapid quantification of aldehydes in human urine and solvent extracts of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Furthermore, a precursor ion scan strategy based on the diagnostic HSO3- ion was also developed and applied for the preliminary screening of aldehydes in complex samples of cinnamon and lemongrass.

KEYWORDS:

Aldehyde; Bisulfite; LC-MS; Post column derivatization

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