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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Sep 11;16(18). pii: E3360. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16183360.

Pathways and Associations between Women's Land Ownership and Child Food and Nutrition Security in Pakistan.

Author information

1
College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agriculture University, No.1 Shizishan street, Hongshan District, Hubei 430070, China. azkarehman@outlook.com.
2
College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agriculture University, No.1 Shizishan street, Hongshan District, Hubei 430070, China. qingping@mail.hzau.edu.cn.
3
College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agriculture University, No.1 Shizishan street, Hongshan District, Hubei 430070, China. amar.razzaq@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Women's land ownership plays a noteworthy role in improving various development indicators, including her own wellbeing and children's food and nutrition security. However, the literature linking women's access to land rights to the nutritional security of children in Pakistan is limited, even though it is a country facing enormous challenges of childhood malnutrition and gender discrimination. This paper contributes to the existing literature on the benefits of empowering women by studying the association and pathways between women's land rights and child nutrition, using the 2012-2013 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey. The ordinary least squares (OLS) regression results indicate that women's individual land ownership and women's autonomy in large-scale family purchases have a positive impact on children's food and nutrition security (FNS). The results of quantile regression (QR) show that these effects are more pronounced in cases of children with severe stunted growth. In addition, a structural equation model shows that the positive relationship between women's land ownership and child nutrition is partially mediated by women's increased decision-making power in large-scale household purchases. Our research concludes that ensuring women's land rights can improve women's autonomy, which can be an effective policy tool that not only improves women's welfare but also improves their children's nutritional security.

KEYWORDS:

Pakistan; child stunting; gender discrimination; land right; malnutrition; women’s autonomy

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