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Neurol India. 2019 Jul-Aug;67(4):993-1002. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.266232.

Role of Aspirin in Tuberculous Meningitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

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1
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Objectives:

Aspirin is a drug that has been found to be useful in reducing the incidence of infarctions. This systemic is aimed at review evaluating the benefits of aspirin in the management of tuberculous meningitis.

Methods:

A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and SCOPUS for articles published on or before September 22, 2018. The meta-register of controlled trials and bibliography was also searched. Randomized controlled trials wherein aspirin was used were included in the systematic review. The data was extracted using a predetermined format. The risk ratio (RR) for dichotomous data was calculated and a random-effects model was used to combine the data. Death and occurrence of new infarctions were considered as primary outcomes. The quality of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach.

Results:

Four trials including 546 patients were found eligible. The addition of aspirin to anti-tuberculosis drug regimens did not significantly reduce mortality [RR = 0.66 (0.42-1.02); low-quality evidence] but significantly reduced the risk of new infarctions [RR = 0.52 (0.29-0.92); moderate-quality evidence]. Aspirin did not differ from the placebo with regard to the adverse event outcome.

Conclusion:

Aspirin reduces the risk of new infarctions in patients with tuberculous meningitis but does not affect mortality (moderate-to-low level of evidence).

KEYWORDS:

Aspirin; infarctions; stroke; tuberculous meningitis

PMID:
31512620
DOI:
10.4103/0028-3886.266232
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