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J Pak Med Assoc. 2019 Sep;69(9):1293-1299.

Psychosocial correlates of prolonged postpartum depression in mothers of children with movement disorders: cross-sectional study from a paediatric developmental rehabilitation centre in Peshawar.

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Akbar Kare (AKi), Paediatric Neurodevelopmental Rehabilitation Centre, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Department of Community Medicine, Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan.



To identify potential predictors of prolonged postpartum depression in mothers of children with physical disabilities.


The cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted at a paediatric neurodevelopmental rehabilitation centre in Peshawar, Pakistan, from December 9, 2016, to January 23, 2017, and comprised mothers of children with movement disorders born between January, 2014, and June, 2016. Prolonged postpartum depression was defined as onset of maternal depression between 6 and 36 months after birth. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used with a cut-off score of 13/30, while a pretested questionnaire examined risk and protective factors predicting prolonged postpartum depression using binary logistic regression. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis.


There were 171 subjects with a mean age of 27±6.4 years. Among them, prolonged postpartum depression was found in 95(55.6%). Six significant predictors of the condition were identified: supportive husband, child's disability having negative effect on social ties, daily physical help in childcare by at least one family member, pregnancy-induced hypertension, mother being blamed for child's disability, and financial problems (p<0.05 each).


The identified predictors specific to local settings played a distinctive role in prolonged post-partum depression occurrence, particularly in the context of disability.


Postpartum depression, Chronic depression, Risk factors, Psychosocial, Childhood disability

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