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J Gen Microbiol. 1988 Aug;134(8):2171-8.

Temperature-dependent expression of flagella of Listeria monocytogenes studied by electron microscopy, SDS-PAGE and western blotting.

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1
Moredun Research Institute, Edinburgh, UK.

Abstract

Washed cells of Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b, grown in broth culture at 20 degrees C and at 37 degrees C, were examined by electron microscopy for the presence of flagella. Many flagella were seen in cells grown at 20 degrees C, whereas at 37 degrees C very few were expressed. Flagella sheared from the cell surface were partially purified by differential centrifugation. Using SDS-PAGE and Western blotting two distinct protein bands were seen in this preparation, both with an apparent molecular mass of approximately 29 kDa. Further purification of these proteins was achieved by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography. Whole organisms grown at 20 degrees C and 37 degrees C were examined in Western blots using an affinity-purified polyclonal antibody, and a monoclonal antibody, both directed against 29 kDa putative flagellin. Bacteria grown at 20 degrees C expressed abundant flagellin, whereas only trace amounts could be detected in organisms grown at 37 degrees C. It is concluded that organisms grown at 20 degrees C both produce and assemble flagellin at the cell surface, and that flagellin production is a less marked feature of organisms grown at 37 degrees C.

PMID:
3150978
DOI:
10.1099/00221287-134-8-2171
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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