Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Transplant. 2019 Sep 11. doi: 10.1111/ajt.15591. [Epub ahead of print]

Efficacy and safety of bleselumab in kidney transplant recipients: A phase 2, randomized, open-label, noninferiority study.

Author information

Department of Surgery, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Department of Transplantation Services, Annette C. and Harold C. Simmons Transplant Institute, Dallas, Texas.
Department of Surgery, Rush University, Chicago, Illinois.
Department of Surgery, Pinnacle Health Transplant Associates, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Department of Surgery, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.
Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc., Northbrook, Illinois.


This study assessed the efficacy and safety of the anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody bleselumab (ASKP1240) in de novo kidney transplant recipients over 36 months posttransplant. Transplant recipients were randomized (1:1:1) to standard of care (SoC: 0.1 mg/kg per day immediate-release tacrolimus [IR-TAC]; target minimum blood concentration [Ctrough ] 4-11 ng/mL plus 1 g mycophenolate mofetil [MMF] twice daily) or bleselumab (200 mg on days 0/7/14/28/42/56/70/90, and monthly thereafter) plus either MMF or IR-TAC (0.1 mg/kg per day; target Ctrough 4-11 ng/mL days 0-30, then 2-5 ng/mL). All received basiliximab induction (20 mg pretransplant and on days 3-5 posttransplant) and corticosteroids. One hundred thirty-eight transplant recipients received ≥1 dose of study drug (SoC [n = 48]; bleselumab + MMF [n = 46]; bleselumab + IR-TAC [n = 44]). For the primary endpoint (incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection [BPAR] at 6 months), bleselumab + IR-TAC was noninferior to SoC (difference 2.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI] -8.1% to 13.8%), and bleselumab + MMF did not demonstrate noninferiority to SoC (difference 30.7%; 95% CI 15.2%-46.2%). BPAR incidence slightly increased through month 36 in all groups, with bleselumab + IR-TAC continuing to demonstrate noninferiority to SoC. Bleselumab had a favorable benefit-risk ratio. Most treatment-emergent adverse events were as expected for kidney transplant recipients ( NCT01780844).


clinical research/practice; immunosuppressant -fusion proteins and monoclonal antibodies; immunosuppressant-antiproliferative agent: mycophenolate mofetil; immunosuppressant-calcineurin inhibitor: tacrolimus; immunosuppression/immune modulation; kidney transplantation/nephrology; kidney transplantation: living donor; translational research/science


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center