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Sci Total Environ. 2019 Sep 3;698:134239. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134239. [Epub ahead of print]

Boron-, sulfur-, and phosphorus-doped graphene for environmental applications.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China.
3
College of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng, 224002, China.
4
State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address: yinguangchen@tongji.edu.cn.

Abstract

The control of environmental pollutants is a global concern. Recently, heteroatom-doped graphene has drawn increasing attention due to their widespread applications in removing and detecting environmental pollutants. Owing to the introduction of heteroatoms into pristine graphene, the properties of heteroatom-doped graphene have been significantly enhanced in physic, chemistry, and biology. This review focuses on the approaches for synthesis and characterization of boron-, sulfur-, and phosphorus-doped graphene and their applications in the fields of adsorption, catalysis, and detection for environmental pollutants. The mechanisms of environmental applications, including π-π interactions, complexation, hydrophobic interactions, electronic conductivity, and active sites and reactive radicals, are elaborated. Furthermore, the challenges associated with the use of heteroatom-doped graphene materials and their prospective applications are also proposed.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Catalysis; Environmental pollutants; Graphene; Heteroatom-doped

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