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Orthopedics. 2019 Nov 1;42(6):355-360. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20190906-04. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Early Results of a Modern Uncemented Total Knee Arthroplasty System.

Abstract

Historically, cementless total knees were associated with early failure, which made cemented total knee arthroplasty the gold standard. Manufacturers have introduced newer uncemented technologies that provide good initial stability and use highly porous substrates for bony in-growth. The authors hypothesized that the implants would have equivalent 90-day clinical and economic outcomes. Prospectively collected data on 252 uncemented knees in the Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative database were reviewed. Ninety-day outcomes, demographics, length of stay, complications, emergency department visits, readmissions, and financial data were compared with those of an age-matched group of cemented knees. Uncemented knees had shorter length of stay (1.58 vs 1.87 days; P<.01), were more frequently discharged home (90.48% vs 68.75%; P<.0001), and used less home care (6.35% vs 19.14%; P<.0001) or extended care facilities (2.78% vs 11.72%; P=.0001). More uncemented knees had "no complications." Moreover, there were no re-operations in uncemented knees, compared with 19 reoperations in cemented knees. Uncemented knees were better than age-matched counterparts for Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (63.69 vs 47.10, n=85 and n=43, P<.0001) and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) T-Physical and T-Mental scores (44.12 vs 39.45, P<.0001; 51.84 vs 47.82, P=.0018). Cemented cases were more expensive overall, and surgical ($6806.43 vs $5710.78; P<.01) and total hospital ($8347.65 vs $7016.11; P<.01) costs were higher. The 90-day readmission and hospital outpatient costs were not significantly different between designs. Uncemented total knee arthroplasty, when using modern technologies, is successful and economically viable for an at-risk bundle. The results of this study should alleviate fears of increased cost, early failure, complications, or poor outcomes with the use of a modern uncemented total knee arthroplasty. [Orthopedics. 2019; 42(6):355-360.].

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