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Toxicol Sci. 2019 Aug 28. pii: kfz193. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfz193. [Epub ahead of print]

Liver inflammatory injury initiated by DAMPs-TLR4-MyD88/TRIF- NFκB signaling pathway is involved in monocrotaline-induced HSOS.

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The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Compound Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines, Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.


Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) causes considerable morbidity and mortality in clinic. Up to now, the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of HSOS still remain unclear. Here, we report that hepatic inflammation initiated by damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) plays a critical role in the development of HSOS. Monocrotaline (MCT) belongs to pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). MCT-induced HSOS in mice and rats was evidenced by the increased serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST) activities, the elevated hepatic metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) expression, and results from liver histological evaluation and scanning electron microscope observation. However, MCT-induced HSOS was markedly attenuated in myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88), TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) and toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) knock-out mice. MCT increased liver myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, serum contents of pro-inflammatory cytokines, hepatic aggregation of immune cells and nuclear accumulation of nuclear factor κB (NFκB). However, these inflammatory responses induced by MCT were all diminished in MyD88, TRIF and TLR4 knock-out mice. MCT elevated serum contents of DAMPs including high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) both in mice and in rats. HSOS was markedly exacerbated and serum contents of HMGB1 and HSP60 were elevated in nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) knock-out mice treated with MCT. Our findings indicate that hepatic inflammatory injury mediated by DAMPs-initiated TLR4-MyD88/TRIF-NFκB inflammatory signal pathway plays an important role in HSOS development.




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