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Sci Rep. 2019 Sep 9;9(1):12886. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-49392-7.

NaV1.2 haploinsufficiency in Scn2a knock-out mice causes an autistic-like phenotype attenuated with age.

Author information

1
Université Côte d'Azur, 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560, Valbonne - Sophia Antipolis, France. lena@ipmc.cnrs.fr.
2
CNRS UMR 7275, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology (IPMC), 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560, Valbonne - Sophia Antipolis, France. lena@ipmc.cnrs.fr.
3
Université Côte d'Azur, 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560, Valbonne - Sophia Antipolis, France. mantegazza@ipmc.cnrs.fr.
4
CNRS UMR 7275, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology (IPMC), 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560, Valbonne - Sophia Antipolis, France. mantegazza@ipmc.cnrs.fr.
5
Inserm, 660 Route des Lucioles, 06560, Valbonne - Sophia Antipolis, France. mantegazza@ipmc.cnrs.fr.

Abstract

Mutations of the SCN2A gene, encoding the voltage gated sodium channel NaV1.2, have been associated to a wide spectrum of epileptic disorders ranging from benign familial neonatal-infantile seizures to early onset epileptic encephalopathies such as Ohtahara syndrome. These phenotypes may be caused by either gain-of-function or loss-of-function mutations. More recently, loss-of-function SCN2A mutations have also been identified in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without overt epileptic phenotypes. Heterozygous Scn2a knock-out mice (Scn2a+/-) may be a model of this phenotype. Because ASD develops in childhood, we performed a detailed behavioral characterization of Scn2a+/- mice comparing the juvenile/adolescent period of development and adulthood. We used tasks relevant to ASD and the different comorbidities frequently found in this disorder, such as anxiety or intellectual disability. Our data demonstrate that young Scn2a+/- mice display autistic-like phenotype associated to impaired memory and reduced reactivity to stressful stimuli. Interestingly, these dysfunctions are attenuated with age since adult mice show only communicative deficits. Considering the clinical data available on patients with loss-of-function SCN2A mutations, our results indicate that Scn2a+/- mice constitute an ASD model with construct and face validity during the juvenile/adolescent period of development. However, more information about the clinical features of adult carriers of SCN2A mutations is needed to evaluate comparatively the phenotype of adult Scn2a+/- mice.

PMID:
31501495
PMCID:
PMC6733925
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-019-49392-7
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