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J Sports Sci. 2019 Sep 9:1-9. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1665246. [Epub ahead of print]

The association between watching football matches and the risk of cardiovascular events: A meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Center for Evidence-Based Medicine and Clinical Research, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine , Shiyan , China.
2
Department of pathology and pathophysiology, School of basic medicine, Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.
3
Department of Orthopedic, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan University , Wuhan , China.
4
Trade Union, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine , Shiyan , China.

Abstract

To comprehensively shed light on whether viewing football games is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Electronic databases were searched through 17 May 2018. All studies focusing on the association between viewing football matches and the fatal or non-fatal CVD were identified. Viewing football matches was associated with a higher risk of fatal overall CVD (RR: 1.06, 95%CI: 1.01-1.12) in both men (RR: 1.13, 95%CI: 1.004-1.28) and women (RR: 1.08, 95%CI: 1.01-1.15). Subgroup analysis showed that failure of the team has a higher risk of fatal overall CVD (RR: 1.29, 95%CI: 1.15-1.45). However, lower risk of fatal overall CVD from spectators was observed when team obtained a victory (RR: 0.80, 95%CI: 0.66-0.96). For non-fatal CVD, viewing football matches was associated with a higher risk of non-fatal overall CVD (RR: 1.24, 95%CI: 1.09-1.41) in both men (RR: 1.73, 95%CI: 1.12-2.69) and women (RR: 1.25, 95%CI: 1.08-1.45). Subgroup analysis showed that viewing football matches was associated with a higher risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction (RR: 1.20, 95%CI: 1.04-1.38) in both men and women (RR: 1.51, 95%CI: 0.99-2.28; RR: 1.21, 95%CI: 1.08-1.36, respectively). No significant increase was found in fatal or non-fatal stroke. Viewing football matches was associated with a higher risk of the fatal and non-fatal CVD, especially in male spectators. The victory of team could have a lower risk of fatal CVD. Therefore, precautionary measures should be required for the reduction of healthcare burden in football matches.

KEYWORDS:

FIFA World Cup; Football games; cardiovascular events; mortality; stroke

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