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J Cell Physiol. 2019 Sep 9. doi: 10.1002/jcp.29164. [Epub ahead of print]

Aspirin inhibits osteoclast formation and wear-debris-induced bone destruction by suppressing mitogen-activated protein kinases.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.
2
Department of Orthopedics, Suzhou Kowloon hospital, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.
3
Orthopedic Institute, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Abstract

Excessive osteoclast recruitment and activation is the chief cause of periprosthetic osteolysis and subsequent aseptic loosening, so blocking osteolysis may be useful for protecting against osteoclastic bone resorption. We studied the effect of aspirin on titanium (Ti)-particle-induced osteolysis in vivo and in vitro using male C57BL/6J mice randomized to sham (sham surgery), Ti (Ti particles), low-dose aspirin (Ti/5 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 aspirin), and high-dose aspirin (Ti/30 mg·kg-1 ·d-1 aspirin). After 2 weeks, a three-dimensional reconstruction evaluation using micro-computed tomography and histomorphology assessment were performed on murine calvariae. Murine hematopoietic macrophages and RAW264.7 lineage cells were studied to investigate osteoclast formation and function. Aspirin attenuated Ti-particle-induced bone erosion and reduced osteoclasts. In vitro, aspirin suppressed osteoclast formation, osteoclastic-related gene expression, and osteoclastic bone erosion in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanically, aspirin reduced osteoclast formation by suppressing receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand-induced activation of extracellular signal-related kinase, p-38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase. Thus, aspirin may be a promising option for preventing and curing osteoclastic bone destruction, including peri-implant osteolysis.

KEYWORDS:

aspirin; mitogen-activated protein kinases; osteoclast; peri-implant osteolysis

PMID:
31498438
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.29164

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