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J Orthod Sci. 2019 Aug 8;8:12. doi: 10.4103/jos.JOS_36_17. eCollection 2019.

Orthodontic treatment motivation and cooperation: A cross-sectional analysis of adolescent patients' and parents' responses.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.
2
Department of Child Dental Health, Faculty of Dental Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.
3
Department of Child Dental Health, Lagos State University, University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.
4
Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, PMB 12003, Lagos, Nigeria.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Motivation for orthodontic treatment among adolescents has been linked with patients' response during treatment. Parents have also been seen to be influencing factors in patient motivation. This study investigates the motivation for orthodontic treatment among patients and their parents/guardians.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Data were obtained from 100 orthodontic children (41 boys, 59 girls), with a mean age of 11.9 years, in the age range of 7-17 years, and with parents/guardians from three public hospitals. Recruitment focused on patients and their parents at their initial screening appointment and those scheduled for regular orthodontic treatment. Data were collected by the use of survey forms for both patients and parents. Data were analyzed using Epi info™ version 3.5.1.

RESULTS:

Children were more motivated to have orthodontic treatment than their parents before treatment, however parents showed greater motivation for their children to have orthodontic treatment than did the children during treatment. Children on treatment were less motivated than those who have not started treatment. Using braces was more important to children than their parents. Parents of children on treatment were more motivated for their children to have orthodontic treatment than parents of children who were not yet on treatment. Children undergoing orthodontic treatment were not willing to have extractions as part of their treatment, while parents did not have much objections (P = 0.001). Parents were willing to comply with dietary instructions imposed on their children. (P = 0.45). Pretreatment, children were more willing to brush after meals than the ones undergoing treatment (0.010).

CONCLUSION:

Parents of children on treatment were more motivated for their children to have orthodontic treatment than parents of children who were not yet on treatment. Children on treatment were less motivated during treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Motivation; orthodontics; treatment

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