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World J Gastroenterol. 2019 Aug 21;25(31):4493-4501. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v25.i31.4493.

Impact of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease diagnosis on exercise and sports participation: Patient and parent perspectives.

Author information

1
Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, United States, renee41@health.usf.edu.
2
Institutional Center of Clinical and Translational Research, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
3
Division of Gastroenterology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may limit physical activity due to intestinal or extraintestinal manifestations, fatigue, or exercise perception. We sought to evaluate the influence of IBD diagnosis on exercise and sports participation in a pediatric population. We compared patient-reported and parent-reported perspectives.

AIM:

To evaluate the influence of IBD diagnosis on exercise and sports participation in a pediatric population.

METHODS:

Consecutive IBD outpatients (aged 10-18 years) and their parents completed parallel voluntary surveys. A validated, patient-reported functional activity scale, the Hospital for Special Surgery Pediatric Functional Activity Brief Scale (HSS Pedi-FABS) was used to assess children's activity levels.

RESULTS:

There were 149 completed surveys (75% response rate) with mean participant age of 16.5 years [standard deviation (SD) = 4.0] and mean age at IBD diagnosis of 11.8 years (SD = 3.4). Most patients (77%) were diagnosed within 12 mo of symptom onset. Current athletic participation was reported in 65% across 65 sports. Participation was greatest before (40%) rather than after (32%) IBD diagnosis, with no reported change in 28%. IBD negatively impacted play/performance in 45% but did not change play/performance in 44%. IBD treatment improved patients' desire to exercise (70%) and subjective capacity for aerobic exercise (72%). Patients and parents agreed that IBD subjects demonstrate normal capacity for aerobic exercise (0.40, 95%CI: 0.22-0.58) and that treatment improved both participatory desire (0.33, 95%CI: 0.12-0.54) and capacity for aerobic exercise (0.52, 95%CI: 0.31-0.71). Almost all (99%) viewed exercise as healthy, and most encouraged its practice. IBD patients demonstrated normal mean HSS Pedi-FABS scores.

CONCLUSION:

After pediatric IBD diagnosis, most patients continue exercise and sports, with mean activity levels comparable to American youth. Treatment positively impacts participatory desire and aerobic capacity. Patients favor the role of exercise in IBD.

KEYWORDS:

Exercise; Inflammatory bowel disease; Physical activity; Sports

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict-of-interest statement: None of the authors have any conflicts of interest relevant to this study.

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