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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Oct 9;11(40):37256-37262. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b11233. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Surface Defect-Controlled Growth and High Photocatalytic H2 Production Efficiency of Anatase TiO2 Nanosheets.

Abstract

Facet engineering of anatase TiO2 by controlling the {001} exposure ratio has been the focus of numerous investigations to optimize photocatalytic activity. In particular, an introduction of fluoride ions during the crystal growth has been demonstrated to be very effective and decisive in realizing the facet exposure of the crystals. However, a key role of fluoride ions in stabilizing {001} exposure and improving subsequent photocatalytic activity of anatase TiO2 remains unclear up to date. Herein, a controlled thickness of anatase TiO2 nanosheets has been realized by introducing different amounts of ethanol into a HF acid-assisted hydrothermal reaction. The thinnest nanosheets with a thickness of ∼2.9 nm were evaluated to have the highest H2 production rate of 41.04 mmol·h-1·g-1 under ultraviolet light irradiation, and the corresponding quantum efficiency was determined to be 41.6% (λ = 365 nm). Moreover, it is proved for the first time that fluoride ions are bonded with Ti vacancies on {001} facets, and such defects are crucial for stabilizing the ultrathin nanosheets and improving their electron-hole separation, therefore leading to a highly efficient photocatalytic activity. The findings offer an opportunity to engineer facets and functionality of anatase TiO2 by controlling surface defects.

KEYWORDS:

Ti vacancy; TiO2 nanosheets; fluoride ions; hydrogen production; surface defects

PMID:
31496216
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.9b11233

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