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J Muscle Res Cell Motil. 2019 Sep 7. doi: 10.1007/s10974-019-09553-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Featured characteristics and pivotal roles of satellite cells in skeletal muscle regeneration.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA. songtg@ucmail.uc.edu.
2
Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart, Lung and Vascular Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA.

Abstract

Skeletal muscle, the essential organ for locomotion, as well as energy reservoir and expenditure, has robust regenerative capacity in response to mechanical stress and injury. As muscle-specific stem cells, satellite cells are responsible for providing new myoblasts during the process of muscle growth and regeneration. Self-renewal capacity and the fate of satellite cells are highly regulated and influenced by their surrounding factors, such as extracellular matrix and soluble proteins. The strong myogenic potential of satellite cells makes them a potential resource for stem cell therapy to cure genetic muscle disease and repair injured muscle. Here, we both review key features of satellite cells during skeletal muscle development and regeneration and summarize recent outcomes of satellite cell transplantation studies.

KEYWORDS:

Extracellular matrix; Muscle injury; Muscle regeneration; Skeletal muscle

PMID:
31494813
DOI:
10.1007/s10974-019-09553-7

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