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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2019 Sep 5;116:105599. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2019.105599. [Epub ahead of print]

Alternative isoforms of BmYki have different transcriptional co-activator activity in the silkworm, Bombyx mori.

Author information

1
School of Biology & Basic Medical Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China; Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute, Agricultural biotechnology and Ecological Research Institute, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China.
2
School of Biology & Basic Medical Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China; National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, Soochow University, Suzhou, PR China.
3
School of Biology & Basic Medical Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China; National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, Soochow University, Suzhou, PR China. Electronic address: xuery@suda.edu.cn.
4
School of Biology & Basic Medical Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China; National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, Soochow University, Suzhou, PR China; Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute, Agricultural biotechnology and Ecological Research Institute, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China. Electronic address: gongcl@suda.edu.cn.

Abstract

Yorki (Yki), a transcriptional co-activator that is a key component of the Hippo pathway, induces the transcription of a number of targets that promote cell proliferation and survival. Bombyx mori Yki3 (BmYki3), with 445 amino acid residues, facilitates cell migration and cell division, and enlarges cultured cell and wing disc size. In this study, cellular localization, transcriptional co-activator activity, cell migration, cell cycle, and cell size were characterized in alternative isoforms of BmYki. BmYki1 and BmYki3 are mainly located in the cytoplasm and nucleus, respectively, while, BmYki2 is located in both the cytoplasm and nucleus. The mutation BmYki1S97A (S97mutated to A) was transported from the cytoplasm to nucleus. Cell migration, cell cycle, and cell size could be enhanced by BmYki, however, the effect of BmYki1 and BmYki2 on cell proliferation was less compared to BmYki3. Moreover, wing discs could be enlarged by overexpressing BmYki1 or BmYki2 isoforms. Dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that BmYki3 had the highest activity to B. mori ovarian tumor gene. In BmN cells overexpressing one of the BmYki isoforms, expression levels of kibra ortholog (kibra), inhibitor of apoptosis protein (iap), four-jointed (fj), expanded (ex), crumbs (crb) and BMP and activin membrane-bound inhibitor homolog (Bmpr) genes were upregulated, while those of α-catenin (α-cat), decapentaplegic (dpp), serrate (serr) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (stat) genes were down-regulated. There was some difference in the regulation of gene expression between different isoforms. These results suggested that the activity of BmYki isoforms was different in the silkworm.

KEYWORDS:

Alternative splicing; Bombyx mori; Hippo pathway; Transcriptional co-activator; Yorki

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