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Nephrol Nurs J. 2019 Jul-Aug;46(4):375-394.

The Relationship Between Oral Health and Hemodialysis Treatment Among Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review.

Author information

1
Nephrology Nurse Practitioner, West Virginia University Medicine, and PhD candidate, West Virginia University School of Nursing, Morgantown, WV.
2
PhD student in Department of Epidemiology, West Virginia University School of Public Health, Morgantown, WV.
3
Associate Dean for Research, West Virginia University School of Nursing, Morgantown, WV.

Abstract

Adult patients on hemodialysis experience a high prevalence of poor oral health and periodontitis. The chronic inflammation associated with poor periodontal health can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality among patients on hemodialysis. A systematic review of research articles published from 2012-2018 was conducted to synthesize current literature on the subject. Forty-three articles were identified. Findings were summarized into two categories: clinical measurements and lifestyle/quality of life. We suggest the development, implementation, and evaluation of oral health nursing interventions and periodontal treatments among patients on hemodialysis.

KEYWORDS:

chronic kidney disease; end stage renal disease; hemodialysis; oral health; periodontal disease

PMID:
31490048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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