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Prostaglandins. 1988 Nov;36(5):673-91.

Characterization of the priming effects of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor on human neutrophil leukotriene synthesis.

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Division of Haematology-Oncology, UCLA School of Medicine.


Human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is an in vitro and in vivo stimulator of human bone marrow myelomonocytic precursor cells and mature granulocyte and macrophage effector cells. We have compared the effect of GM-CSF on the synthesis of 5-lipoxygenase products induced by the chemotactic peptide fMet-Leu-Phe and the calcium ionophore A23187 in human neutrophils. Although GM-CSF alone did not stimulate detectable synthesis of products of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway, pre-incubation of neutrophils with 200 pM GM-CSF for 1 hour at 23 degrees C enhanced synthesis of leukotriene B4, its all-trans isomers and omega-oxidation products, and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in response to both the calcium ionophore A23187 (1.5 microM), and the chemotactic peptide fMet-Leu-Phe (0.1 microM). This priming effect of GM-CSF was maximal after a 60 min incubation at 23 degrees C, or after a 30 min preincubation at 37 degrees C. The effect of GM-CSF was maximal using a concentration of 1 nM. Enhancement of the leukotriene synthesis stimulated by A23187 was only observed when the cells were stimulated by the ionophore for periods of 3 minutes or less. In contrast, the enhancing effect of GM-CSF was still apparent when cells were exposed to fMet-Leu-Phe for as long as 15 minutes. Furthermore, the enhancing effect of GM-CSF was ablated when neutrophils were stimulated with A23187 and exogenous arachidonic acid. However, co-addition of exogenous arachidonic acid with fMet-Leu-Phe did not entirely mask the effect of GM-CSF. Possible mechanisms of action of GM-CSF are discussed.

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