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Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2019 Aug 30;12(3):16-21. eCollection 2019 Sep.

The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Hospital Anxiety and Depression in Female Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
2
Elderly Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
3
Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.

Abstract

Background:

Patients with cardiovascular diseases usually suffer from hospital anxiety and depression.

Aim:

This study aimed to investigate the effect of foot reflexology massage on anxiety and depression in female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome.

Participants:

Ninety older women with acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups (n=45 in each group).

Research Design:

A randomized controlled trial.

Intervention:

The intervention and control groups received foot reflexology massage and routine care, respectively.

Main Outcomes Measures:

The levels of anxiety and depression were evaluated using the hospital's anxiety and depression scale (HADS) before and immediately after foot reflexology massage.

Results:

Foot reflexology massage reduced both anxiety (F(1.44)=19.11, p = .001) and depression (F(1.44)=16.76, p = .001) in acute coronary patients relative to control patients. The intervention had a large effect on hospital anxiety and depression.

Conclusions:

Foot reflexology massage is an efficient and safe intervention for alleviating psychological responses among female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization.

KEYWORDS:

acute coronary syndrome; anxiety; depression; hospital; reflexology

PMID:
31489059
PMCID:
PMC6715326

Conflict of interest statement

CONFLICT OF INTEREST NOTIFICATION The authors declare there are no conflicts of interest.

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