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Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2019 Sep 4. doi: 10.1007/s00266-019-01488-1. [Epub ahead of print]

The Application of Temporal-Fasciae-Complex Sheet in Treating Severe Blepharoptosis.

Author information

1
Ninth Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.
2
Ninth Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. plastickingsley@sina.com.

Abstract

AIM:

To introduce the application of the temporal-fasciae-complex sheet in treating severe blepharoptosis by frontalis suspension and evaluate its postoperative effect.

METHODS:

Between 2008 and 2016, 25 patients (33 eyelids) underwent this procedure. A 3-cm incision in the temporal region was made to harvest a sheet of deep temporal fascia with the loose aponeurosis attached on both sides. The sheet was then grafted through a preseptal tunnel to perform the suspension. The margin reflex distance 1 after suspension (MRD1S), the margin reflex distance 1 as lifting eyebrow forcefully (MRD1F), the eyelid excursion and the closable eyelid function were used to evaluate the postoperative effect.

RESULTS:

A total of 22 patients (30 eyelids) completed the study with a mean follow-up period of 23 ± 8.78 months. There was a statistically significant difference between the MRD1 and MRD1S (p < 0.05), the preoperative and postoperative MRD1F (p < 0.05), the preoperative and postoperative eyelid excursion (p < 0.05). All the upper palpebral margins were located above the pupils and no longer affected visual acuity in primary gaze. No severe complication and recurrence were documented within a maximum follow-up period of 36 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

Frontalis suspension with the temporal-fasciae-complex sheet is an efficient method to correct severe blepharoptosis with less complications and recurrences. The application of the sheet can not only overcome the influence of adhesion but also lift the eyelid both functionally and cosmetically.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV:

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

KEYWORDS:

Anti-adhesion; Blepharoptosis; Frontalis suspension; Temporal-fasciae-complex sheet

PMID:
31485765
DOI:
10.1007/s00266-019-01488-1

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