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Amino Acids. 2019 Sep 3. doi: 10.1007/s00726-019-02775-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Oral taurine improves critical power and severe-intensity exercise tolerance.

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College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, SA1 8EN, UK.
School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia.
Faculty of Sport, Health and Applied Sciences, St Mary's University, London, UK.
School of Biomedical Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


This study investigated the effects of acute oral taurine ingestion on: (1) the power-time relationship using the 3-min all-out test (3MAOT); (2) time to exhaustion (TTE) 5% > critical power (CP) and (3) the estimated time to complete (Tlim) a range of fixed target intensities. Twelve males completed a baseline 3MAOT test on a cycle ergometer. Following this, a double-blind, randomised cross-over design was followed, where participants were allocated to one of four conditions, separated by 72 h: TTE + taurine; TTE + placebo; 3MAOT + taurine; 3MAOT + placebo. Taurine was provided at 50 mg kg-1, whilst the placebo was 3 mg kg-1 maltodextrin. CP was higher (P < 0.05) in taurine (212 ± 36 W) than baseline (197 ± 40 W) and placebo (193 ± 35 W). Work end power was not affected by supplement (P > 0.05), yet TTE 5% > CP increased (P < 0.05) by 1.7 min after taurine (17.7 min) compared to placebo (16.0 min) and there were higher (P < 0.001) estimated Tlim across all work targets. Acute supplementation of 50 mg kg-1 of taurine improved CP and estimated performance at a range of severe work intensities. Oral taurine can be taken prior to exercise to enhance endurance performance.


Amino acids; Critical power; Ergogenic aids


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