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Nutrients. 2019 Sep 1;11(9). pii: E2042. doi: 10.3390/nu11092042.

Association between Total Sugar Intake and Metabolic Syndrome in Middle-Aged Korean Men and Women.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition Science, The Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea.
2
Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea. khs7882@hanmail.net.
3
Department of Clinical Nutrition Science, The Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea. orank@ewha.ac.kr.
4
Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea. orank@ewha.ac.kr.

Abstract

There is increasing evidence emerging that suggests high sugar intake may adversely increase the incidence of chronic diseases. However, there are only a few related studies in Korea. Based on the current Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans, this study examined whether total sugar intake above 20% of the total energy was a risk factor for metabolic syndrome in middle-aged Korean adults. This cross-sectional study involved 7005 adults (3751 men and 3254 women) aged 40-69 years, who participated in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES), a large community-based cohort study. Daily total sugar intake was estimated using a validated food frequency questionnaire. About 9% and 16% of the men and women, respectively, derived >20% of energy intake from total sugar. The males in this category had a significantly higher odds of obesity defined as having a BMI ≥ 25 (OR = 1.491, 95% CI = 1.162-1.914), low HDL-cholesterol (OR = 1.313, 95% CI = 1.038-1.660), and metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.332, 95% CI = 1.038-1.709) than those who received a lower proportion of energy intake from total sugar. These results suggest that high (>20%) energy intake from total sugar may be associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged Korean men.

KEYWORDS:

Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES); chronic disease; total sugar

PMID:
31480603
PMCID:
PMC6769797
DOI:
10.3390/nu11092042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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