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Surg Technol Int. 2019 Sep 3;35. pii: sti35/1132. [Epub ahead of print]

Principles of Wound Dressings: A Review.

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University of Toledo College of, Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, Ohio.
Department of Dermatology, Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio, Young Dermatologists Italian Network (YDIN), GISED Study Centre, Bergamo, Italy Clinical Dermatology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galezzi, Milan, Italy, Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
Department of Dermatology, Laboratory of Cutaneous Wound Healing, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.


Dressing is an essential element of standard wound care. The main purpose of wound dressing is: a) provide a temporary protective physical barrier, b) absorb wound drainage, and c) provide the moisture necessary to optimize re-epithelialization. The choice of dressing depends on the anatomical and pathophysiological characteristics of the wound. Contemporary wound dressings provide additional benefits, such as antimicrobial properties and pain relief. In this concise review, we discuss the principles of wound dressing, highlight the features of basic and advanced types of dressings, and offer some practical tips on the choice and application of dressings.


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