Send to

Choose Destination
Biochimie. 1988 Aug;70(8):1089-99.

Comparison of the invasion strategies used by Salmonella cholerae-suis, Shigella flexneri and Yersinia enterocolitica to enter cultured animal cells: endosome acidification is not required for bacterial invasion or intracellular replication.

Author information

Department of Medical Microbiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305.


Strains of Escherichia, Salmonella, Shigella and Yersinia actively enter eukaryotic cells. Several techniques were used to compare and contrast the invasion mechanisms of Salmonella cholerae-suis, Yersinia enterocolitica and Shigella flexneri. Three animal cell lines (CHO, HEp-2 and MDCK) were examined for susceptibility to bacterial entry by these strains. Levels of intracellular bacteria varied widely between cell lines, but CHO cells were the most susceptible to bacterial invasion, HEp-2 invasion levels were intermediary, whereas polarized MDCK cells were invaded to a lesser extent. This illustrates that tissue culture models can be optimized to study bacterial invasion and intracellular replication. We used these tissue culture models to examine the interactions between host cells and these invasive bacteria. The use of lysosomotropic agents (methylamine and ammonium chloride), cationic ionophores (monensin) and acidification-defective CHO cell lines demonstrated that endosome acidification is not required for bacterial invasion or intracellular replication. Drugs which inhibited microfilament formation (cytochalasins B and D) prevented internalization of S. cholerae-suis, Y. enterocolitica and S. flexneri, indicating that invasion is a microfilament-dependent event. The microtubule inhibitors, colchicine, vincristine and vinblastine, did not affect bacterial internalization.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center