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Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2019 Aug 25;44(8):594-8. doi: 10.13702/j.1000-0607.180709.

[Effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation on pulmonary function and oxidative stress response in lower extremity surgery patients using tourniquet].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, China.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Lishui 323000, Zhejiang Province.
3
Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, China; Wencheng County People's Hospital, Wenzhou 325300, Zhejiang Province.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on pulmonary function, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in patients using tourniquet after lower extremity surgery.

METHODS:

A total of 40 patients who underwent lower extremity surgery were equally randomized into control group and TEAS group by using a random number table. All patients underwent lumbar epidural anesthesia combined with block anesthesia. The patients in the TEAS group were given TEAS at Zusanli (ST36) and Sanyinjiao (SP6) beginning from 30 min before surgery to the end of surgery, and those in the control group received TEAS at the same acupoints with minimum current intensity. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded at each time point (T0: pre-surgery /TEAS, T1: 5 min after anesthesia, T2: 1 min before tourniquet-loosening, T3: 1 min after tourniquet-loosening, T4: 5 min after tourniquet-loosening, and T5: 6 h after tourniquet-loosening). Blood samples (4 mL) was collected from the radial artery before TEAS and 6 h after loosening tourniquet for analyzing blood gas parameters as partial pressure of caron dioxide(PCO2), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), alveolar partial pressure of oxygen (PAO2), alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference (PA-aDO2) and respiratory index (RI) by using a blood gas analyzer, and plasma SOD activity and MDA content were assayed by using xanthine oxidase method and thiobarbituric acid colorimetry method, respectively.

RESULTS:

Intra-group comparison showed that compared with T0, a significant increase was found in PA-aDO2 and RI at T5 and a significant reduction in PaO2 and PaO2/ PAO2 (a/A) ratio in the control group (P<0.05), and the same changes in the TEAS group (P<0.05) except a/A ratio. Comparison between two groups showed that at T5, both PaO2 and a/A levels were significantly higher in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), and both PA-aDO2 and RI levels were obviously lower in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of the pulmonary function after TEAS. At T5, plasma SOD activity was significantly decreased and plasma MDA content was remarkably increased in the control group relevant to T0 (P<0.05), SOD activity was significantly higher in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), and MDA content was evidently lower in the TEAS group than in the control group (P<0.05), suggesting a reduction of oxidative stress response after TEAS.

CONCLUSION:

TEAS at ST36 and SP6 can improve pulmonary function and attenuate oxidative stress response in patients using tourniquet after lower extremity surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Lower extremity surgery patients; Oxidative stress response; Pulmonary function; Tourniquet; Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation

PMID:
31475494
DOI:
10.13702/j.1000-0607.180709
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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