Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pediatr Nephrol. 2019 Sep 2. doi: 10.1007/s00467-019-04334-3. [Epub ahead of print]

C3 levels and acute outcomes in Shiga toxin-related hemolytic uremic syndrome.

Author information

1
Nephrology Unit, Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde, Montes de Oca 40, CP - 1270, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina. abalestracci@yahoo.com.ar.
2
Nephrology Unit, Hospital General de Niños Pedro de Elizalde, Montes de Oca 40, CP - 1270, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The correlation between complement activation and severity of hemolytic uremic syndrome related to Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC-HUS) has been examined in few studies, with conflicting results. We investigated whether C3 levels on admission are associated with worse acute outcomes.

METHODS:

Demographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were compared between dialyzed and non-dialyzed patients and between those with or without extrarenal complications. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed; odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated. C3 concentrations were correlated with dialysis length (Spearman test) and ROC curves with area under the curves (AUC) were calculated to identify C3 concentrations able to discriminate patients with dialysis requirements and complicated course.

RESULTS:

Among 49 children, 33 had normal and 16 had decreased C3 concentrations. Higher hemoglobin, lactic dehydrogenase, urea and creatinine and lower albumin, sodium, and C3 and C4 concentrations at admission were associated with dialysis requirement; only creatinine remained significant (p = 0.03, OR 2.1, 95%CI 1.34-2.7) by multivariate analysis. Patients with a complicated course presented higher leukocyte count, hemoglobin and lactic dehydrogenase and lower albumin, sodium, and C3 and C4. In the multivariate analysis, leukocyte count (p = 0.02, OR 2.6, 95%CI 1.4-4.3) and C3 concentration (p = 0.039, OR 1.7, 95%CI 1.1-2.73) were independently associated with a complicated disease. C3 levels correlated with dialysis length (r = - 0.42, p = 0.002); nevertheless, they were unable to discriminate dialysis requirement (AUC = 0.25, 95%CI 0.11-0.38) and extrarenal complications (AUC = 0.24, 95%CI 0.11-0.4).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our study suggests that decreased C3 levels at admission are associated with a more complicated STEC-HUS episode.

KEYWORDS:

C3; Complement activation; Escherichia coli; Hemolytic uremic syndrome; Shiga toxin

PMID:
31475299
DOI:
10.1007/s00467-019-04334-3

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center